Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, sometimes referred to as gum disease, is an inflammation of the gums that surround your teeth. One of the main causes of tooth loss in adults is gum disease, but because it rarely causes pain, many patients are unaware that they have it. During each routine examination, your dentist will measure the distance between your teeth and gums to look for indicators of periodontal disease.

Why does gum disease occur?

Plaque accumulation is what causes gum disease (a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). Plaque will continue to accumulate and produce toxins that might harm the gums if it is not removed (by brushing, flossing, and having regular dental examinations and cleanings). Small pockets that divide the gums from the teeth are produced by periodontal disease, which starts just below the gum line. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two phases of periodontal disease:

  • Gingivitis — The gums are red, swollen, and prone to bleeding during this early stage of gum disease. When the condition is in this stage, daily brushing and flossing can typically cure it.

  • ​​​​​​​Periodontitis — If gingivitis and periodontitis are not treated, the gums and bone that support the teeth will deteriorate severely and permanently. Periodontitis-infected gums can lead to teeth being loose, falling out, or needing to be extracted by a dentist.

The following Elements can raise a patient's risk of getting Periodontal Disease:

  • Chewing tobacco or smoking cigarettes

  • Diabetes

  • Steroids, Anti-epileptic medications, Cancer therapy pharmaceuticals, Calcium channel blockers, and Oral Contraceptives are some examples of medication.

  • Old Bridges that don't fit anymore

  • Uneven teeth

  • Old failing fillings

  • Pregnancy

Despite the fact that it is possible to have periodontal disease without being aware of it, some signs can include:

  • Easy bleeding gums

  • Red, swollen, and soft gums

  • Teeth's gums that have separated from them

  • Recurring unpleasant breath or taste

  • If there is Pus between your teeth and gums

  • Permanent teeth that are splitting or are loose

  • Any modification to the way your teeth bite together

  • Any modification to the partial dentures' fit

Depending on the severity of each individual case, several treatments may be used for gum disease. Typical therapies comprise:

  • non-surgical procedures including scaling and root planning (deep cleaning)

  • Laser gum surgery and periodontal surgery

Gum Disease Prevention

Maintaining your health and the health of your smile requires routine dental visits and periodontal assessments. Periodontal disease doesn't have to cause tooth loss, and by maintaining good dental hygiene at home, you can greatly lower your risk of developing the condition in the first place. To keep your smile healthy, remember to wash your teeth frequently, floss between your teeth, eat a balanced diet and make routine dentist appointments.

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