Periodontal disease, sometimes referred to as gum disease, is an inflammation of the gums that surround your teeth. One of the main causes of tooth loss in adults is gum disease, but because it rarely causes pain, many patients are unaware that they have it. During each routine examination, your dentist will measure the distance between your teeth and gums to look for indicators of periodontal disease.
Plaque accumulation is what causes gum disease (a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). Plaque will continue to accumulate and produce toxins that might harm the gums if it is not removed (by brushing, flossing, and having regular dental examinations and cleanings). Small pockets that divide the gums from the teeth are produced by periodontal disease, which starts just below the gum line. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two phases of periodontal disease:
Gingivitis — The gums are red, swollen, and prone to bleeding during this early stage of gum disease. When the condition is in this stage, daily brushing and flossing can typically cure it.
Periodontitis — If gingivitis and periodontitis are not treated, the gums and bone that support the teeth will deteriorate severely and permanently. Periodontitis-infected gums can lead to teeth being loose, falling out, or needing to be extracted by a dentist.
Chewing tobacco or smoking cigarettes
Steroids, Anti-epileptic medications, Cancer therapy pharmaceuticals, Calcium channel blockers, and Oral Contraceptives are some examples of medication.
Old Bridges that don't fit anymore
Old failing fillings
Easy bleeding gums
Red, swollen, and soft gums
Teeth's gums that have separated from them
Recurring unpleasant breath or taste
If there is Pus between your teeth and gums
Permanent teeth that are splitting or are loose
Any modification to the way your teeth bite together
Any modification to the partial dentures' fit
non-surgical procedures including scaling and root planning (deep cleaning)
Laser gum surgery and periodontal surgery
Maintaining your health and the health of your smile requires routine dental visits and periodontal assessments. Periodontal disease doesn't have to cause tooth loss, and by maintaining good dental hygiene at home, you can greatly lower your risk of developing the condition in the first place. To keep your smile healthy, remember to wash your teeth frequently, floss between your teeth, eat a balanced diet and make routine dentist appointments.